Online Manual for the Forest Tree Seeds of Kerala

A Kerala Forest Department Funded Project


Dr. K Sudhakara
Professor & Head of the Department
Dept. of Silviculture & Agroforestry
College of Forestry, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur 680 656
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Scientific Name  Acronychia pedunculata (Linn.) Miq.
Vernacular name  Mutta-nari, Vidukanali, Verukutheeni (Malayalam) (Sasidharan, 2004); Mutta-nari (Tamil ) (Bose et al., 1998).
Common name  Laka Wood, Claw-flowered laurel (Bose et al., 1998).
Synonyms  Jambolifera pedunculata L., Acronychia laurifolia Bl., Acronychia barberi Gamble (Sasidharan, 2004).
Family  Rutaceae
Subfamily 
Origin 
Distribution  In the Himalayas from the Indus eastward to Sikkim, Meghalaya, Assam, also in Western Ghats, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka (Bose et al., 1998 ).
Description  A small to medium sized, evergreen tree, 8 to 12 m high, very variable (Bose et al., 1998). Young shoots and inflorescence somewhat silky or puberulous (CSIR, 1948). Bark is brown, smooth and aromatic (CSIR, 1948).Leaves very variable, leaflets obtuse or obtusely acuminate, membranous (CSIR, 1948). Petiole glabrous to finely pubescent, 0.5-
Flowering season  June to December (Bose et al., 1998).
Fruiting season  Throughout the year.
Flowers  Flowers are fragrant, greenish yellow, 8 to 16 mm in diameter, in axillary, long peduncled, corymbose cymes, sepals very small; petals linear-oblong from a broad base, villous on inner surface; stamens 5, alternating with petals (Bose et al., 1998).
Fruits  Fruit ellipsoid, 12 to 18 mm long, black or red, fleshy (Bose et al., 1998). Drupes are variable in size, 3-5 celled, glabrate, black (CSIR, 1948).
Fruit type  Drupe.
Seeds  1 to 3 cartilaginous seeded kernels (CSIR, 1948).
Seed length 
Seed width 
Seed thickness 
Seed weight 
Seed dispersal 
Seed Collection 
Transportation of seeds 
Seed processing 
Seed storage 
Viability period 
Seed emptiness 
Seed pre treatment 
Germination type 
Germination percentage 
Germination period 
Nursery technique 
Method of propagation 
Vegetative propagation 
Pests 
Diseases 
Medicinal properties  The bark and root is used in external application for sores and ulcers. Bark is also used as tonic and is prescribed in scabies (CSIR, 1948; Bose et al., 1998). The leaves and bark are used in medicine (Gamble, 1922)
Uses  The fruit is juicy and edible. The tender leaves are used as salad and condiment (Bose et al., 1998).
Wood properties  Wood white or greyish-white, soft to moderately hard, smooth. Pores moderate-sized, sometimes subdivided, scanty, irregularly distributed in more or less concentrically arranged groups. Medullary rays fine, irregularly spaced, not numerous (Gamble, 1922).
References  Get ...
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