Online Manual for the Forest Tree Seeds of Kerala

A Kerala Forest Department Funded Project


Dr. K Sudhakara
Professor & Head of the Department
Dept. of Silviculture & Agroforestry
College of Forestry, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur 680 656
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Scientific Name  Melicope lunu-ankenda (Gaertn.) Hartley
Vernacular name  Kanala, Kambili, Nasakam, (Sasidharan, 2004), Kanalei, Kanali, Kattuchampakam (Malayalam), Kattushampakam (Tamil), Midauma-baphang (Assam)
Common name 
Synonyms  Fagara lunu-ankenda Gaertn., Euodia roxburghiana Benth., Euodia lunu-ankenda (Gaertn.) Merr.
Family  Rutaceae
Subfamily 
Origin 
Distribution  Widely distributed in India-Western Ghats, Nilgiris, Palnis, Meghalaya; in Myanmar; Sri Lanka; Malay Peninsula and Archipelago (Bose et al., 1998). Throughout the W. Ghats in evergreen forests and secondary forests (2000 m). Also found in E.Ghats, Assam a
Description  A small to medium-sized tree, up to 15 m high (Bose et al., 1998)
Flowering season  May to July (Bose et al., 1998)
Fruiting season  September to October (Bose et al., 1998)
Flowers  Flowers white to pinkish, 4-5 mm across; panicles divaricate as long as or longer than petioles; sepals minute, ovate; petals ovate-lanceolate, 1-2 mm long; stamens exserted with prominent anthers (Bose et al., 1998)
Fruits  Capsule of 4, 2-valved cells (Bose et al., 1998)
Fruit type  Capsule
Seeds  Seeds hard, black, shining, globose or ellipsoid (Bose et al., 1998)
Seed length 
Seed width 
Seed thickness 
Seed weight  88000-107000 /kg
Seed dispersal 
Seed Collection 
Transportation of seeds 
Seed processing 
Seed storage 
Viability period 
Seed emptiness 
Seed pre treatment 
Germination type 
Germination percentage  60 to 70
Germination period 
Nursery technique 
Method of propagation 
Vegetative propagation 
Pests 
Diseases 
Medicinal properties  Leaves and flowers are considered tonic and emmenagogue. The leaves are sour and aromatic when crushed. The leaves, root and root bark have several applications in Indian medicine.
Uses  Wood is used for planks, rafters, plywood, and match splints, also suitable for panelling and cabinet work (Bose et al., 1998). Used for match manufacture (both splint and box), planking, rafters and non standard plywood
Wood properties  The wood is yellowish white, without any distinct heartwood, soft and light with straight grain and fine texture. It is a diffuse porous wood with indistinct to somewhat fairly distinct growth marks.
References  Get ...
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