Online Manual for the Forest Tree Seeds of Kerala

A Kerala Forest Department Funded Project


Dr. K Sudhakara
Professor & Head of the Department
Dept. of Silviculture & Agroforestry
College of Forestry, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur 680 656
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Scientific Name  Myristica malabarica Lamk.
Vernacular name  Kattu- Jathikka, Panampalika, Pathiri- Poov, Ponnam-Poov (Malayalam); Malabar Nutmeg (English); Tam. - Patthiri, Katjathika (http://ces.iisc.ernet.in/hpg/cesmg/pew/myrmal.html).
Common name  False nutmeg, Bombay mace tree (Bose et al., 1998).
Synonyms 
Family  Myristicaceae
Subfamily 
Origin 
Distribution  India - Western Ghats (Endemic); Western Ghats - Savanthwadi (Mah.); Districts - Uttara Kannada, Hassan, Chikmangalur, Coorg (Karn.); Cannanore, Palakkad, Trivandrum (Kerala); Tamil Nadu; Goa (http://ces.iisc.ernet.in/hpg/cesmg/pew/myrmal.html).
Description  Trees up to 15 to 25 m high.
Flowering season  February to March
Fruiting season  March to April (Bose et al., 1998).
Flowers  Yellow, unisexual in axillary pedunculate, dichasial cyme, perianth 3 lobed with lobes up to 0.4 cm long, ovoid. Male panicles 2.5-4 cm long, axillary or sub-axillary; peduncles naked below, subumbellately cymose above; perianth 4 mm long, puberulous, 3-toothed; female panicles few-fowered, flowers larger (Bose et al., 1998).
Fruits  Capsules yellow, oblong, densely deciduous tomentose.
Fruit type  Capsule.
Seeds  Seeds arillate, up to 2 cm long, ovoid with yellow, irregularly lobed.
Seed length  2 cm
Seed width 
Seed thickness 
Seed weight  100 to 150 seeds/kg
Seed dispersal 
Seed Collection 
Transportation of seeds 
Seed processing 
Seed storage 
Viability period  1 week under natural conditions (Anil Kumar et al., 2002).
Seed emptiness 
Seed pre treatment 
Germination type 
Germination percentage  40
Germination period 
Nursery technique 
Method of propagation  By seeds
Vegetative propagation 
Pests 
Diseases 
Medicinal properties  The seeds and the aril cover both are used as medicine. Fat from the seed is used as an embroction in rheumatism, sores and pain. Seeds are used externally for indolent ulcers. Aril of the seeds is cooling, febrifuge and expectorant, and is useful in vitiated conditions of Vata, cough, bronchitis, fever and burning sensation. The fat obtained from the seeds is good for myalgia, sprains and sores.
Uses  The bark of the tree yield a gum. Seed kernels contain a resin which is phenolic in nature and can be used as an antioxidant for the protection of oils and fats. Wood is suitable for plywood, packing cases and crates.
Wood properties  It is reddish brown and is moderately hard, light and not so durable. It is a diffuse porous wood with indistinct growth rings.
References  Get ...
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