Online Manual for the Forest Tree Seeds of Kerala

A Kerala Forest Department Funded Project


Dr. K Sudhakara
Professor & Head of the Department
Dept. of Silviculture & Agroforestry
College of Forestry, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur 680 656
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Scientific Name  Thyrsostachys oliveri Gamble
Vernacular name  Lathimula (Malayalam), Latti Bamboo (Hindi) (Chacko et al., 2002).
Common name 
Synonyms 
Family  Poaceae (Graminae)
Subfamily 
Origin  Myanmar.
Distribution  The species is native of Myanmar. Trial plantations established in 1940 at Palghat, Nilambur, Wyanad, Coimbatore have come up well. It is planted now in many places in India (Chacko et al.,2002).
Description  Large tufted, elegant bamboo attaining 15-25 m height and 5 cm diameter (Chacko et al.,2002).
Flowering season 
Fruiting season 
Flowers  Glume with transverse nerves, minutely hairy on the back, anthers yellow.
Fruits  Fruit is a caryopsis, glabrous, cylindrical with somewhat broader top, spongy below ending in a long beak formed by the persistent base of the style; pericarp crustaceous shining above (Chacko et al.,2002).
Fruit type  Caryopsis.
Seeds  Caryopsis, spongy below ending in a long beak.
Seed length  1 cm (Chacko et al., 2002).
Seed width 
Seed thickness 
Seed weight  No information
Seed dispersal 
Seed Collection 
Transportation of seeds 
Seed processing 
Seed storage 
Viability period  No information
Seed emptiness  No information
Seed pre treatment  Not required (Chacko et al., 2002).
Germination type  Epigeal (Chacko et al., 2002).
Germination percentage 
Germination period  No information
Nursery technique  Seedlings can be raised as in other bamboos species (Chacko et al., 2002)
Method of propagation  Vegetative propagation.
Vegetative propagation  Vegetative propagation using culm cuttings is successful. Basal one third portion of the culms treated with a solution of NAA (Naphthalene Acetic Acid) 250 ppm by dip method gives nearly 80% rooting (Chacko et al., 2002).
Pests  No information
Diseases  No information (Chacko et al., 2002).
Medicinal properties 
Uses  The culms are excellent for building purpose, basket making and in handicrafts. The young shoot is edible (Chacko et al., 2002).
Wood properties 
References  Get ...
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