Online Manual for the Forest Tree Seeds of Kerala

A Kerala Forest Department Funded Project

Dr. K Sudhakara
Professor & Head of the Department
Dept. of Silviculture & Agroforestry
College of Forestry, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur 680 656
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Scientific Name  Aporusa lindleyana(Wt.) Baill.
Vernacular name  Vetti, Aechil (Malayalam) (Sasidharan, 2004).
Common name 
Synonyms  Scepa lindleyana Wt. (Sasidharan, 2004).
Family  Euphorbiaceae
Distribution  Distributed in evergreen forest of Konkan and Western Ghats in India and in Sri Lanka (Bose et al., 1998).
Description  Small tree (Sasidharan, 2004). A small to medium-sized evergreen tree, 10-14 m high; youngest shoots more or less silky (Bose et al., 1998).
Flowering season  March to May (Bose et al.,1998).
Fruiting season 
Flowers  Male spikes: 2.5 cm or less in length, rather stout; sepals 4-6; stamens 2-3; female flowers in short, hairy, often clustered racemes; ovary silky pubescent (Bose et al., 1998).
Fruits  Fruits globose, cuspidate, pedicelled, 8-12 mm in diameter (Bose et al., 1998).
Fruit type 
Seed length 
Seed width 
Seed thickness 
Seed weight 
Seed dispersal 
Seed Collection 
Transportation of seeds 
Seed processing 
Seed storage  Can be stored for about a year in air-tight polycarbonate bottles or polyethylene bags at 30oC and 85% relative humidity (RH) or in polycarbonate bottles in ambient conditions (Kumar et al., 1997).
Viability period  Normally remain viable only for 2 days in open room conditions and lose their viability when dried to 30% moisture content or stored at temperatures at or below 15oC (recalcitrant) (Kumar et al., 1997).
Seed emptiness 
Seed pre treatment 
Germination type 
Germination percentage 
Germination period 
Nursery technique 
Method of propagation 
Vegetative propagation 
Medicinal properties 
Uses  Fruit is edible and the wood is used for rafters (Bose et al., 1998).
Wood properties 
References  Get ...
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