Online Manual for the Forest Tree Seeds of Kerala

A Kerala Forest Department Funded Project


Dr. K Sudhakara
Professor & Head of the Department
Dept. of Silviculture & Agroforestry
College of Forestry, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur 680 656
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Scientific Name  Artocarpus communis J. R. & G. Forst.
Vernacular name  Kadappilavu, Simaplavu, Kadachakka (Malayalam); Seema pila (Tamil); Barhal (Hindi) (Bose et al., 1998).
Common name  Bread fruit tree (Bose et al., 1998)
Synonyms  Artocarpus incisusLinn. f. (Sasidharan, 2004). Artocarpus altilis (Park.) Fosberg (Bose et al., 1998).
Family  Moraceae
Subfamily 
Origin  Pacific Islands.
Distribution  Native of the Pacific Islands, often planted in the warm humid regions, particularly in India and South-East Asian countries (Bose et al., 1998).
Description  A tall fast growing evergreen tree, 12 to 18 m in height (Prajapati et al., 2003).
Flowering season  November to April (Bose et al., 1998).
Fruiting season  November to April (Bose et al., 1998).
Flowers  Flowers in catkin. Monoecious with male and female flowers on the same tree and the male inflorescence appearing first. Male inflorescence cylindric-clavate; peduncles 3-6 cm long; female: apex of perianth conical, shortly pubescent (Bose et al., 1998).
Fruits  Syncarp, globose, prickly, brownish or yellowish, composite, usually seedless. Syncarp globose or ellipsoid, 20-30 cm in diameter, prickles pyramidal (Bose et al., 1998).
Fruit type 
Seeds  Usually seedless.
Seed length 
Seed width 
Seed thickness 
Seed weight 
Seed dispersal 
Seed Collection 
Transportation of seeds 
Seed processing 
Seed storage 
Viability period 
Seed emptiness 
Seed pre treatment 
Germination type  Hypogeal.
Germination percentage 
Germination period 
Nursery technique 
Method of propagation  Root cutting and air layering.
Vegetative propagation 
Pests 
Diseases 
Medicinal properties  The fruits are bitter, sweet, acrid, cooling diuretic, stomachic, cardiotonic and galactagogue. The bark is used to treat headache. The latex is useful in external application for hyperadenosis and abscesses.
Uses  Latex is used for painting canoes and caulking boats. Wood is used for beams, posts, rafters and flooring. Bark yields a fibre used for ropes. Flavonoids isolated from this species possess anti inflammatory activities and has inhibitory effects on the chemical mediators released from mast cells, neutrophils, and macrophages (Wei BaiLuh et al., 2005). Prenylated flavonoids from the heartwood has inhibitory activity on lipopolysaccharide induced nitric oxide production. ",3"dimethylpyrano[3',4']2,4,2'-trihydroxychalcone and several flavonoids were also isolated (Han AhReum et al., 2006).
Wood properties 
References  Get ...
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