Online Manual for the Forest Tree Seeds of Kerala

A Kerala Forest Department Funded Project

Dr. K Sudhakara
Professor & Head of the Department
Dept. of Silviculture & Agroforestry
College of Forestry, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur 680 656
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Scientific Name  Baccaurea courtallensis (Wight) Muell. - Arg.
Vernacular name  Mootilpazham, Mootilthoori (Malayalam) (Sasidharan, 2004), Mootapalam (Tamil), Kalikuki (Kannada) (Bose et al., 1998).
Common name 
Synonyms  Pierardia courtallensis Wt., Baccaurea sapida Bedd. (Sasidharan, 2004).
Family  Euphorbiaceae
Distribution  Western Ghats and common in evergreen forests.
Description  A middle sized tree, 15 to 20 m high; shoot and young petioles sparsely pubescent (Bose et al., 1998).
Flowering season  September to October (Bose et al., 1998).
Fruiting season  March to April (Bose et al., 1998).
Flowers  Flowers unisexual, small in clusters on spikes which are in tufts on tubercles on the trunk and branches. Bracts minute; male flowers very small, reddish in long narrow racemiform panicles, densely crowded on the trunk; branch of the panicles short, 3-5 flowered; female flowers on short peduncles in slender racemes of 20-30 cm long; sepals 3-4 mm long (Bose et al., 1998). Inflorescence reddish or yellow (Anil Kumar et al., 2005).
Fruits  Capsule globose or ellipsoid, bright crimson coloured, sub globose with 3 ridges, 2 cm in diameter, hanging in great profusion all round the trunk (Anil Kumar et al., 2005).
Fruit type  Capsule.
Seed length 
Seed width 
Seed thickness 
Seed weight 
Seed dispersal 
Seed Collection 
Transportation of seeds 
Seed processing 
Seed storage 
Viability period 
Seed emptiness 
Seed pre treatment  Seed coat is not a mechanical barrier to the emergence of embryo but prevents water entry for initiating germination. The germinability of freshly collected seeds can be improved with scarification. Seeds are scarified mechanically by rubbing against sand paper at the micropylar end and soaking of seeds in hot water and through mechanical scarification opposite the micropylar end improve germination (Prasad, 2004).
Germination type 
Germination percentage  Untreated seeds give 40% and scarified seeds give 70-99% germination (Prasad, 2004).
Germination period 
Nursery technique 
Method of propagation 
Vegetative propagation 
Medicinal properties 
Uses  Tree in full bloom is a wonderful sight. The fruits are edible and acidic in taste (Bose et al., 1998).
Wood properties  Wood white, moderately hard. Pores small, scanty, often in radial strings (Anil Kumar et al., 2005).
References  Get ...
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