Online Manual for the Forest Tree Seeds of Kerala

A Kerala Forest Department Funded Project


Dr. K Sudhakara
Professor & Head of the Department
Dept. of Silviculture & Agroforestry
College of Forestry, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur 680 656
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Scientific Name  Callistemon lanceolatus DC.
Vernacular name  Lal bottle Brush (Hindi); Seesa Brush (Telugu).
Common name  Bottle Brush.
Synonyms  Callistemon citrinus (Curt.) Stapf
Family  Myrtaceae
Subfamily 
Origin  Australia (Sasidharan, 2004).
Distribution  Bottle brush tree is introduced from Australia. It is well distributed in North India particularly in UP, Punjab and Haryana.
Description  A very handsome evergreen tree up to 10 m high with a group of leaves at the end of small branch willow, with slender, drooping twigs (Bose et al., 1998).
Flowering season  February to May.
Fruiting season  January to November.
Flowers  Flowers are scarlet in colour, in sub-cylindrical, terminal spikes, 5-10 cm long, the apex develops as a leafy shoot and floral tufts or inflorescence appears like bottle brush (Bose et al., 1998).
Fruits  Fruits capsular, cup-shaped, hard, woody, greyish brown in colour about 0.5 cm long, 3-celled, dehiscent.
Fruit type  Capsule.
Seeds  Seeds are minute.
Seed length 
Seed width 
Seed thickness 
Seed weight  More than one lakh per kg.
Seed dispersal 
Seed Collection 
Transportation of seeds 
Seed processing 
Seed storage 
Viability period 
Seed emptiness 
Seed pre treatment  Not required.
Germination type 
Germination percentage  70
Germination period 
Nursery technique 
Method of propagation  By seeds and cuttings. Shoot-tip cuttings of 15 cm length, with 2 leaves are treated with 6000 ppm IBA (Balakrishna and Bhattacharjee, 1991; Mishra and Majumdar, 1983).
Vegetative propagation 
Pests 
Diseases 
Medicinal properties 
Uses  Wood can be used for making boxes, tool handle and other agricultural implements. It is one of the popular ornamental trees in tropical and subtropical regions. On steam distillation the leaves yield a pleasant-smelling essential oil (Bose et al., 1998).
Wood properties  Wood is pinkish brown, hard, heavy, and very fine textured. It is a diffuse porous wood. Pores small to moderate sized, roughly arranged in concentric fashion. Medullary rays very fine, numerous, distance between them equal to the diameter of the pores (Gamble, 1922).
References  Get ...
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