Online Manual for the Forest Tree Seeds of Kerala

A Kerala Forest Department Funded Project


Dr. K Sudhakara
Professor & Head of the Department
Dept. of Silviculture & Agroforestry
College of Forestry, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur 680 656
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Scientific Name  Carallia brachiata (Lour.) Merr.
Vernacular name  Vallabham, Vankana (Malayalam) (Sasidharan, 2004); Karalli (Telungu).
Common name  False Kelat
Synonyms  Diatoma brachiata Lour., Carallia integerrima DC. (Sasidharan, 2004)
Family  Rhizophoraceae
Subfamily 
Origin 
Distribution  Distributed throughout India, including the Andaman Islands, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Malaya Peninsula and Archipelago, China and Australia (Bose et al., 1998).
Description  A moderate-sized evergreen tree, up to 15 m high, compact crown with numerous and shining, dark green foliage (Bose et al., 1998).
Flowering season  December to March (Bose et al., 1998).
Fruiting season 
Flowers  Flowers greenish yellow, 5 to 6 mm across, in axillary trichotomous cymes, peduncles stout, short, pedicels almost absent, calyx campanulate, about 6 mm long, petals as many as the sepals (Bose et al., 1998).
Fruits  Fruits globose, 6 to 10 mm across, smooth, red (Bose et al., 1998).
Fruit type 
Seeds  Seed one, testa thick (Bose et al., 1998).
Seed length 
Seed width 
Seed thickness 
Seed weight 
Seed dispersal 
Seed Collection 
Transportation of seeds 
Seed processing 
Seed storage 
Viability period 
Seed emptiness 
Seed pre treatment 
Germination type 
Germination percentage 
Germination period 
Nursery technique 
Method of propagation 
Vegetative propagation 
Pests 
Diseases 
Medicinal properties 
Uses  Timber is fairly durable, takes a high polish and used for house building, furniture, cabinet and other ornamental work and agricultural implements. The leaves are used for the preparation of tea-like beverage (Bose et al., 1998).
Wood properties  Wood hard, red. Pores moderate sized or large, often subdivided and filled with resin. Medullary rays of two kinds: regular very broad ones prominent, with few fine short ones between, silver prominent and handsome (Gamble, 1922)
References  Get ...
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