Online Manual for the Forest Tree Seeds of Kerala

A Kerala Forest Department Funded Project


Dr. K Sudhakara
Professor & Head of the Department
Dept. of Silviculture & Agroforestry
College of Forestry, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur 680 656
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Scientific Name  Elaeocarpus serratus Linn.
Vernacular name  Kaaramavu, Kara, Bhadraksham, Valiya kaara (Malayalam), Ulang karei, Uttraccham (Tamil) (Gamble, 1922).
Common name  The wild olive tree.
Synonyms  E. cuneatus Wt.
Family  Elaeocarpaceae
Subfamily 
Origin 
Distribution  Eastern Himalayas (up to 900 m) and in the evergreen forests of the Western Ghats, Sri Lanka and Malaysia.
Description  A medium sized to a fairly large tree.
Flowering season  January to March and again July to September (Bourdillon, 1908); November to December (Bose et al., 1998).
Fruiting season  February to April.
Flowers  Flowers white, racemes always axillary, sepals 0.6 cm, stamens 25 to 30, filaments much shorter than glands, the longer anther valve ciliate; sepals about 6 mm long; petals 3-fid to the middle, segments laciniate; disc of 5 distinct tomentose glands (Bose et al., 1998).
Fruits  Drupe ovoid, more or less acuminate at both ends, stone strongly tubercled in a copious pulp.
Fruit type  Drupe.
Seeds  1 seeded.
Seed length 
Seed width 
Seed thickness 
Seed weight 
Seed dispersal 
Seed Collection 
Transportation of seeds 
Seed processing 
Seed storage 
Viability period 
Seed emptiness 
Seed pre treatment 
Germination type 
Germination percentage 
Germination period 
Nursery technique 
Method of propagation 
Vegetative propagation 
Pests 
Diseases 
Medicinal properties  Paste of leaves applied to cure ulcers. The fruits are used in dysentery and diarrhoea (Bose et al., 1998).
Uses  The acetone extract shows antibacterial activity against organisms like Salmonella typhimurium and Morganella morganii (Singh and Gopal Nath, 1999). Shows allelopathic activity on lettuce (Fujii et al., 2003). The fruit is known as '' wild olives '' and eaten. Fleshy outer portion of fruit is edible. Wood is used for small packing cases, match
Wood properties  Wood greyish white, soft, annual rings prominent, marked by darker wood. Pores large, often subdivided, scanty, prominent on a radial section. Medullary rays very numerous, fine to moderately broad (Gamble, 1922).
References  Get ...
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