Online Manual for the Forest Tree Seeds of Kerala

A Kerala Forest Department Funded Project


Dr. K Sudhakara
Professor & Head of the Department
Dept. of Silviculture & Agroforestry
College of Forestry, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur 680 656
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  Scientific Name Vernacular name Common name Synonyms Family Subfamily
Details Zizyphus mauritiana Lam. Cherumali, Elentha (Malayalam), Elandai, Yellantha (Gamble, 1922) (Tamil), Berii, Baer, Ber (Hindi) (Chacko et al., 2002). Indian Jujube, Ber, Indian plum, Jujuba (Chacko et al., 2002). Elanthi, Common jujube (Bose et al., 1998). Desert apple, Indian Plum, Indian cherry, Indian jujubae (Ram Parkash et al., 1998). Zizyphus jujuba (L.) Gaertn. (Sasidharan, 2004; Chacko et al., 2002; Bose et al., 1998). Rhamnaceae
Details Zanthoxylum rhetsa (Roxb.) DC. Mullilam, Kattumurukku (Malayalam) (Sasidharan, 2004; Chacko et al., 2002), Pepuli (Hindi) (Gamble, 1922). Indian ivy-rue (Chacko et al., 2002); The Indian prickly ash. Fagara rhetsa Roxb., Zanthoxylum budrunga (Roxb.) DC. (Sasidharan, 2004; Chacko et al., 2002). Rutaceae
Details Xylia xylocarpa (Roxb.) Taub. Kadamaram, Irul, Irumullu (Malayalam) (Sasidharan, 2004), Aruyapalam (Tamil), Soriva (Chacko et al., 2002), Jambu, Suria (Hindi) (Bose et al., 1998). Irul (Chacko et al., 2002), Indian iron tree, The Iron wood of Burma, Irul wood (Bose et al., 1998). Mimosa xylocarpa Roxb. (Sasidharan, 2004; Chacko et al., 2002), X. dolabriformis. Leguminosae Mimosoideae
Details Wrightia tinctoria (Roxb.) R. Br. Dhantappala, Kambippala, Aiya pala, Shanthippala, Neelampala, Vettupala (Malayalam), Nilapalei, Pala, Irumpalai, Thontha palei (Tamil), Dudhi, Indarjan, Khimi (Hindi) (Chacko et al., 2002). Pala indigo (Chacko et al., 2002; Bose et al., 1998). Nerium tinctorium Roxb. (Chacko et al., 2002). Apocynaceae
Details Vitex altissima Linn. Myla, Mylallu, Milla (Malayalam) (Sasidharan, 2004),Mayilei, Mayila, Kadamanakku (Gamble, 1922), Maila (Bose et al., 1998) (Tamil) Tall chaste tree. Vitex alata Verbenaceae
Details Vateria macrocarpa Gupta Vellappayin, Kunthrikkappayin (Malayalam), Dhup maram, Kondricam (Tamil), Paini, Bilidupa (Kannada), Dhupa (Hindi) (Chacko et al., 2002). Indian copal tree (Chacko et al., 2002). Dipterocarpaceae
Details Vateria indica Linn. Vellappayin, Kunthrikkappayin, Payani, paini mara, perum piney (Malayalam) (Gamble, 1922), Dhup maram, Kondricam, Vellei kuntrikam (Tamil) (Bose et al., 1998), Safed damar, Dhupa (Hindi), Paini, Bilidupa (Kannada) (Chacko et al., 2002). Piny varnish, White damar (Bose et al., 1998). Indian copal tree (Chacko et al., 2002). Vateria malabarica Blume (Chacko et al., 2002; Sasidharan, 2004). Dipterocarpaceae
Details Toona ciliata Roem. Mathigiri vembu, Chandana vembu, Akil, Chevvanakil, Malarveppu (Malayalam), Santhana vembu (Tamil), Mahanim, Tun (Hindi) (Chacko et al., 2002). Red cedar, Toon, Moulmelin cedar. Cedrela toona Roxb. ex Willd. (Sasidharan, 2004; Chacko et al., 2002). Meliaceae
Details Thyrsostachys oliveri Gamble Lathimula (Malayalam), Latti Bamboo (Hindi) (Chacko et al., 2002). Poaceae (Graminae)
Details Thespesia populnea (L.) Soland. ex Correa Poovarasu, Cheelanthi, (Chacko et al., 2002), Chandamaram (Malayalam), Puvarasam, poris, purasia, pursung (Gamble, 1922). Pursa (Tamil), Bhendi (Hindi), Bugari (Kannada) (Chacko et al., 2002). Pacific rosewood (Chacko et al., 2002), Tulip tree, Portia tree, Umbrella tree (Bose et al., 1998). Hibiscus populnea L., Thespesia macrophylla Blume (Chacko et al., 2002) Malvaceae
Details Terminalia paniculata Roth Pullamaruthu, Maruthu (Malayalam), Admarudu, Pillamarudu, Vellimaruthu, Pullamathu (Tamil), Ulvi, Hongal (Kannada) (Chacko et al., 2002). Pulvai, Venmarudu, Poomarudu. Kindal, (Chacko et al., 2002) Flowering murdah (Bose et al., 1998). Pentaptera paniculata(Roth) Roxb. (Chacko et al., 2002). Combretaceae
Details Terminalia crenulata Roth Karimaruthu, Thembavu (Malayalam), Karimaruthu, Karumarudu (Tamil), Asan (Hindi), Banappu sajad, Karimatti (Kannada) (Chacko et al., 2002). Indian laurel (Chacko et al., 2002), Terminalia tomentosa var. crenulata (Roth) Cl. (Sasidharan, 2004; Chacko et al., 2002). Combretaceae
Details Terminalia chebula Retz. Kadukka (Malayalam), Harara, Haritaki (Hindi), Kadukhai (Tamil) Aralaikai, Alalai (Kannada) (Chacko et al., 2002). Myrabolan tree, Harir, Harad,Gall nut (Chacko et al., 2002), Chebulic myrobalan (Bose et al., 1998). Terminalia tomentella Kurz, T. parviflora Thwaites, Myrobalanus chebula Gaertn. (Chacko et al., 2002). Combretaceae
Details Terminalia catappa Linn. Badam, Thalli thenga (Bourdillon, 1908) (Malayalam), Vathakottai natavadom (Tamil), Badam (Hindi), Adamaram (Kannada), Malabar almond (English) (Chacko et al., 2002). Indian almond, Country almond (Chacko et al., 2002). Barbados almond, Tropical almond (Bose et al., 1998). Phytolacca javanica Osbeck, Terminalia mauritiana Blanco, T. moluccana Lam. (Chacko et al., 2002). Combretaceae
Details Terminalia bellirica Roxb. Thani (Malayalam), Behera, Buhura, Bulla (Hindi), Thani, Kattuelupay, Thandi (Tamil) (Chacko et al.,2002). Behera (Chacko et al.,2002), Belliric myrobalan (Bose et al., 1998). Myrobalanus bellirica Gaertn. (Sasidharan, 2004). Combretaceae
Details Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.ex.DC.) Wt. & Arn. Neermaruthu, Attu-maruthu, Vellamatthi (Malayalam) (Sasidharan, 2004), Arjun, Arjuna, Kahua, Koha (Hindi), Kulamaruthu, Vella marda (Tamil) (Chacko et al.,2002). Arjun, Malabar almond (Chacko et al., 2002). Terminalia glabra, Pentaptera arjuna Roxb.ex DC., Terminalia berryi Wight & Arn. (Chacko et al.,2002). Combretaceae
Details Tamarindus indica Linn. Kolpuli, Valanpuli, Puli (Malayalam), Pulia-maram (Tamil) (Chacko et al., 2002), Amlika, Tintiri (Sanskrit), Amli, Imli (Hindi ) (Bose et al., 1998). Tamarind tree (Chacko et al., 2002; Bose et al., 1998). Tamarindus occidentalis Gaertn., Tamarindus officinalis Hook. (Chacko et al., 2002). Leguminosae (Fabaceae). Caesalpinioideae
Details Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels Njaval, Njara (Malayalam) (Sasidharan, 2004), Naval, Neredamm (Tamil), Jamun (Bose et al., 1998), Jaman, Jam (Hindi), (Chacko et al., 2002). Kalajam (Bengali), Neredu (Telungu). Black plum, Jamun (Chacko et al., 2002), Skeels, Malabar plum, Indian black berry (Bose et al., 1998). Eugenia jambolana Lam., E. cumini Druce. (Bose et al., 1998), Myrtus cumini L., Syzygium jambolanum (Lamk.) DC. (Sasidharan, 2004). Myrtaceae
Details Swietenia mahagoni (Linn.) Jacq. Mahagani, Cheriamahogony (Malayalam), Cimainukku Mahogany (Tamil) (Chacko et al., 2002), Mahagni (Bengali) Spanish mahogany, Small-leaved mahogany (Chacko et al., 2002). Cedrus mahagoni L. (Chacko et al., 2002). Meliaceae
Details Swietenia macrophylla King Valia Mahogany, Mahogany (Malayalam), Mahogany (Tamil) (Chacko et al., 2002). Honduras mahogany, Large - leaved Mahogany (Chacko et al., 2002). Swietenia belizensis Lundell, S. candollei Pittier, S. krukovii Gleason, S.tessmanii Harms (Chacko et al., 2002). Meliaceae

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