Online Manual for the Forest Tree Seeds of Kerala

A Kerala Forest Department Funded Project


Dr. K Sudhakara
Professor & Head of the Department
Dept. of Silviculture & Agroforestry
College of Forestry, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur 680 656
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  Scientific Name Vernacular name Common name Synonyms Family Subfamily
Details Pterygota alata (Roxb.) R. Br. Anathondi, Pothondi (Malayalam), (Sasidharan, 2004). Aneithondi, Kodaittondi (Bose et al., 1998 ) (Tamil), Talbe-mara (Kannada), Narikel (Hindi) (Chacko et al., 2002), Tula (Bengali). The Buddha's coconut tree (Chacko et al., 2002 and Bose et al., 1998). Stercuila alata Roxb. (Sasidharan, 2004; Chacko et al., 2002; Bose et al., 1998). Sterculia haynii Bedd. Sterculiaceae.
Details Sapindus trifoliata Linn. Chuvappu kaimaram, Chavakkai, Urunci, Pasakotta (Malayalam) (Sasidharan, 2004), Ritha (Marathi), Pungam Kottei, Nithavanji, Pevam kottai (Tamil) Ritha (Hindi) (Bose et al., 1998). Soap nut tree of South India (Bose et al., 1998). Sapindus laurifolia Vahl (Sasidharan, 2004). Sapindaceae
Details Saraca asoca (Roxb.) de Wilde Asokam, Hema pushpam (Malayalam), Asoka, Asogam (Tamil) (Chacko et al., 2002). Ashok (Hindi) (Bose et al., 1998). Ashoka (Chacko et al.,2002). Jonesia asoca Roxb., Saraca indica auct. non L. (Chacko et al., 2002; Sasidharan, 2004). Leguminosae Caesalpinioideae.
Details Schleichera oleosa (Lour.)Oken Dhoothalam, Poovanam (Sasidharan, 2004), Poovam, Kusam (Malayalam), Pumaratha, Puvattipuvam, Puvam (Tamil), Kosum, Gosum (Hindi) (Chacko et al., 2002). Kusum, Gum lac tree,The lac tree, Honey tree (Bose et al., 1998) Macassar oil tree, Sri Lanka oak (Chacko et al.,2002). S. aculeata Kostel., Schleichera trijuga Willd., Pistacia oleosa Lour. (Chacko et al., 2002; Sasidharan, 2004). Sapindaceae
Details Semecarpus anacardium L.f. Cherkkuru, Thenkotta, Alakkucheru (Malayalam) (Sasidharan, 2004). Thembarai, Shenkottai (Tamil) Bhilawa, Bhela (Hindi) (Bose et al., 1998) (Chacko et al., 2002). Oriental cashew, (Bose et al., 1998). Marking nut tree, Varnish tree, Dhobi nut, (Chacko et al.,2002) Anacardium latifolium Lamk., A. officinarum Gaertn. Anacardiaceae
Details Spondias pinnata (Linn. f.) Kurz Ambalam, mampali, Pulimayu, Amara, Ambara, Ambazham (Malayalam), Pulicchi (Tamil) (Bourdillon, 1908), Kattumavu, Katambalam (Tamil), Amra (Hindi & Beng.) (Chacko et al., 2002). Indian hog plum (Chacko et al., 2002), Bile tree, Wild mango, Traveller's delight Spondias mangifera Willd.; Mangifera pinnata Linn. f. (Chacko et al., 2002; Sasidharan, 2004). Spondias amara Lamk. Anacardiaceae
Details Sterculia urens Roxb. Thondi, Theethondi, Paravakka, Annanvazhukki (Malayalam), Kavalam (Tamil), Kullu (Hindi) (Chacko et al., 2002). Karaya Sterculiaceae
Details Stereospermum chelonoides (Roxb.) Benth. Padiri, Kariyam, Vedankorna (Malayalam), Padal, Pandri (Hindi) Bignonia suaveolens Roxb., Bignonia chelonoides L.f., Stereospermum suaveolens DC. (Sasidharan, 2004). Bignoniaceae
Details Strychnos nux-vomica Linn. Kanjiram (Malayalam) (Sasidharan, 2004), Yetti, Eddi, Kanchurai (Tamil), Kanjira (Kannada), Bailewa, Chibbinge (Chacko et al., 2002), Kuchla, (Hindi) (Bose et al., 1998). Strychnine tree, Poison nut (Bose et al., 1998), Nux-vomica, Snake wood tree, Crow-fig (Chacko et al., 2002). Loganiaceae
Details Swietenia mahagoni (Linn.) Jacq. Mahagani, Cheriamahogony (Malayalam), Cimainukku Mahogany (Tamil) (Chacko et al., 2002), Mahagni (Bengali) Spanish mahogany, Small-leaved mahogany (Chacko et al., 2002). Cedrus mahagoni L. (Chacko et al., 2002). Meliaceae
Details Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels Njaval, Njara (Malayalam) (Sasidharan, 2004), Naval, Neredamm (Tamil), Jamun (Bose et al., 1998), Jaman, Jam (Hindi), (Chacko et al., 2002). Kalajam (Bengali), Neredu (Telungu). Black plum, Jamun (Chacko et al., 2002), Skeels, Malabar plum, Indian black berry (Bose et al., 1998). Eugenia jambolana Lam., E. cumini Druce. (Bose et al., 1998), Myrtus cumini L., Syzygium jambolanum (Lamk.) DC. (Sasidharan, 2004). Myrtaceae
Details Tamarindus indica Linn. Kolpuli, Valanpuli, Puli (Malayalam), Pulia-maram (Tamil) (Chacko et al., 2002), Amlika, Tintiri (Sanskrit), Amli, Imli (Hindi ) (Bose et al., 1998). Tamarind tree (Chacko et al., 2002; Bose et al., 1998). Tamarindus occidentalis Gaertn., Tamarindus officinalis Hook. (Chacko et al., 2002). Leguminosae (Fabaceae). Caesalpinioideae
Details Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.ex.DC.) Wt. & Arn. Neermaruthu, Attu-maruthu, Vellamatthi (Malayalam) (Sasidharan, 2004), Arjun, Arjuna, Kahua, Koha (Hindi), Kulamaruthu, Vella marda (Tamil) (Chacko et al.,2002). Arjun, Malabar almond (Chacko et al., 2002). Terminalia glabra, Pentaptera arjuna Roxb.ex DC., Terminalia berryi Wight & Arn. (Chacko et al.,2002). Combretaceae
Details Terminalia bellirica Roxb. Thani (Malayalam), Behera, Buhura, Bulla (Hindi), Thani, Kattuelupay, Thandi (Tamil) (Chacko et al.,2002). Behera (Chacko et al.,2002), Belliric myrobalan (Bose et al., 1998). Myrobalanus bellirica Gaertn. (Sasidharan, 2004). Combretaceae
Details Terminalia catappa Linn. Badam, Thalli thenga (Bourdillon, 1908) (Malayalam), Vathakottai natavadom (Tamil), Badam (Hindi), Adamaram (Kannada), Malabar almond (English) (Chacko et al., 2002). Indian almond, Country almond (Chacko et al., 2002). Barbados almond, Tropical almond (Bose et al., 1998). Phytolacca javanica Osbeck, Terminalia mauritiana Blanco, T. moluccana Lam. (Chacko et al., 2002). Combretaceae
Details Terminalia chebula Retz. Kadukka (Malayalam), Harara, Haritaki (Hindi), Kadukhai (Tamil) Aralaikai, Alalai (Kannada) (Chacko et al., 2002). Myrabolan tree, Harir, Harad,Gall nut (Chacko et al., 2002), Chebulic myrobalan (Bose et al., 1998). Terminalia tomentella Kurz, T. parviflora Thwaites, Myrobalanus chebula Gaertn. (Chacko et al., 2002). Combretaceae
Details Terminalia crenulata Roth Karimaruthu, Thembavu (Malayalam), Karimaruthu, Karumarudu (Tamil), Asan (Hindi), Banappu sajad, Karimatti (Kannada) (Chacko et al., 2002). Indian laurel (Chacko et al., 2002), Terminalia tomentosa var. crenulata (Roth) Cl. (Sasidharan, 2004; Chacko et al., 2002). Combretaceae
Details Terminalia paniculata Roth Pullamaruthu, Maruthu (Malayalam), Admarudu, Pillamarudu, Vellimaruthu, Pullamathu (Tamil), Ulvi, Hongal (Kannada) (Chacko et al., 2002). Pulvai, Venmarudu, Poomarudu. Kindal, (Chacko et al., 2002) Flowering murdah (Bose et al., 1998). Pentaptera paniculata(Roth) Roxb. (Chacko et al., 2002). Combretaceae
Details Thespesia populnea (L.) Soland. ex Correa Poovarasu, Cheelanthi, (Chacko et al., 2002), Chandamaram (Malayalam), Puvarasam, poris, purasia, pursung (Gamble, 1922). Pursa (Tamil), Bhendi (Hindi), Bugari (Kannada) (Chacko et al., 2002). Pacific rosewood (Chacko et al., 2002), Tulip tree, Portia tree, Umbrella tree (Bose et al., 1998). Hibiscus populnea L., Thespesia macrophylla Blume (Chacko et al., 2002) Malvaceae
Details Thyrsostachys oliveri Gamble Lathimula (Malayalam), Latti Bamboo (Hindi) (Chacko et al., 2002). Poaceae (Graminae)

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